Millennial Physics – Chapter Four – Atomic Reactions – Fission

Chapter Four – Atomic Reactions – Fission

To better understand the Sun, I would like to start with the simplest, thermally coolest atomic explosions we humans have created. Uranium fission bombs were the first on Earth, and their material is the easiest to derive from natural sources, so they are historically the most studied. In fission, a uranium atom is ‘split’ into two separate and smaller atoms, with energy and excess neutrons expressed during the split. I wish for you to see that with less than 42 kilograms of Uranium, an explosion could be created, capable of melting almost anything made on Earth and of destroying a square kilometer or more of any topography, and of blasting hundreds of thousands of tons of material into motion. We rate the power of such bombs in equivalent amount of the chemical high explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT), and use an equivalent scale of tons of it. The term ‘megaton’ does not refer to mounds of pastry stuffing.

Early fission bombs were created by inserting the Uranium or other fissionable material, into a strengthened container, much like a muzzle-loaded cannon. A sliding plug is fitted into the barrel section, and outside of the plug is placed a great quantity of very highly explosive chemicals. The mouth of this cannon-like assembly is then closed with a stronger plug which caps the barrel. When the explosives are ignited, their pressure of detonation forces the plug down the barrel, compressing the Uranium. The barrel’s sealing cap is strong enough to prevent the chemical explosive’s pressure from release, slamming the plug into the Uranium. This plug has a hollow face, and its crushing of the Uranium is strong enough to compress the Uranium to critical mass. If the casing is strong enough to keep it compressed for long enough, then the uranium will initiate a ‘chain reaction’ that spreads fast enough to cause a nuclear explosion. The nuclear detonation has the force to rupture the container, and the force of the bomb is released into the world.

There was this guy, named Dr. Harold Edgerton, who worked at MIT. In the twentieth century, he developed a class of photographic equipment and techniques that permit scientists to look at short duration Significant Moments. Among his other developments was a set of cameras designed to photograph atomic explosions, and the images from these cameras show some interesting features of the event. In one, typical sequence, in the first frame (Significant Moment), the image of the small metal shed enclosing the bomb is shown just before the detonation. There is no action. In subsequent Significant Moments, the image shows the dust from the shed being shaken into the air by the chemical explosion. What follows is a set of images that show radiation expressed by the chain reaction inside, called ‘Cherenkov Radiation’. It is followed by the first portions of the atomic explosion, and you see the light area in the image expand as time continues. Finally the entire area around the shed is pure light, and then the shed and surrounding area are gone, washed in light that exceeds the film’s ability to diminish.

Using simple deduction, observe that the atomic explosion, whose force is rated in megatons of TNT, is first physically expressed to a mass of Uranium and to a casing which weighs less than a thousand kilograms. If the bomb simply exploded, releasing all of its force when the uranium went to critical mass, these materials and the shed should simply disappear between the first and second Significant Moments after detonation, no matter how fast is the mechanical camera. Further Significant Moments caught by Dr. Edgerton’s cameras show a long duration between the advent of Cherenkov Radiation and the actual explosion. The conclusion is that there are other things happening with the explosion event that elongate the moment.

The key to understanding the process is the fact that all bomb-grade Uranium must be extremely pure. If as much as one tenth of a percent of impurities is included, the power of the bomb’s explosion is diminished geometrically. A little more impurity means a lot less Boom, and with only a few percent of impurities, it won’t Boom at all. This is true for all fission and fusion bombs, and is one of the reasons they are so expensive to build. The reason for the purity requirement is gravity. When fission is started, as the Uranium core is compressed by the chemical explosives, it is permitted the chance to define its own gravity: like the center of the Sun, the whole idea of a fission bomb is to create a small region in the universe that contains only uranium in chain reaction. The pressure and temperature in this region has reached the point to support the fission chain reaction, and as the reaction activity fills the region, the entire mass of Uranium collapses in on itself with a force that exceeds the local force of Earth’s gravity. This creates, for a brief moment, a distinct universe of its own, where the only rules are of Uranium. There is no relationship between this universe and ours, and so it contains antimatter. Actually, antimatter can be defined as anything that doesn’t fit in our universe. For the brief moments when this small universe is operating, the Uranium is separated from our universe by the same type of event horizon found in the Sun. This balloon of event horizon resonates with the Uranium’s harmonics as opposed to the Sun’s, and it remains intact until the quantity of active fission material is depleted below a certain value, called ‘critical mass’, shutting down the chain reaction. Since every bomb only has a small amount of fissionable material, soon the impurities of the original mass along with the byproducts of fission – not Uranium but new atoms harmonically linked to it, destroy the integrity of the Uranium core. The spherical event horizon weakens. Deterioration of the event horizon can take shorter Significant Moments than the original collapse of the core. In fact, the faster the event horizon collapse, the stronger is the blast, as our good old universe destroys this small, new, artificial one.

This synthetic Uranium event horizon and its internal gravity well is a different kind of antimatter than at the Sun’s center – it is much cooler, and so the quantity of harmonics is smaller and at a lower frequency. There is less activity related to a much smaller mass. Like a stable nuclear reactor, the Sun is mechanically able to regulate its activity through a set of gravitational and spatial constants that act as do the control rods of the reactor.

The Uranium bomb is functioning on a small, finite amount of fissionable material, and worse, it is located within the Earth’s disruptive gravity well and within the harmonics of a huge and very disruptive thermonuclear source (Sun). The quantity of Uranium atoms within the temporary event horizon is growing smaller, permitting less and less harmonic unity. As the atomic fuel is depleted, the impurities of reaction and the mechanical losses of trying to maintain a static center of gravity in the Sun’s storm of higher frequencies and power, the event horizon is doomed to fail. When the reaction stops, the antimatter loses its spherical event horizon and the once-controlled relationship between the antimatter and our universe loses its integrity. This integrity loss requires a spatial expansion of every definition of the uranium event horizon, which creates a secondary problem – more exposure and connection with our universe. This expansion of the event horizon feeds on itself, permitting the space occupied by antimatter to expand as the Earth’s gravity well and the Sun’s harmonics storm both shred its surface. More surface area between our universe and the bomb’s antimatter creates more friction between the harmonics of the two universes, and we see these harmonic distortions as radiation and heat. Occasionally, a subatomic particle gets mechanically pushed hard enough to be able to ride the waves out of the area around the event horizon, and we get protons and neutrons spitting out at just below the speed of light. As more antimatter is crushed by the inexhaustible presence of real matter, the set of harmonics lowers in frequency and their waves expand in real space.

Finally the primary frequencies related to the fission of Uranium are gone, and all that remains is the mass of the bomb, now formed as other elements from the atomic split. The potential energy of the conversion of all this matter’s vibration from a totally different frequency than the matter around it, to a state where it matches the good old universe, is what we see as an explosion. Please understand that this matter has the ability to disrupt the state of motion of every atom it touches, and, similar to the particles in the Sun’s surface, this matter has been given a very high vibrational energy. This new matter is entirely within our universe, and its vibrational dissonance makes it very hot. The material melts and burns its way into an expanding space. The vibrational energy of this sphere can shred every molecule in its path, and as these liberated atoms recombine chemically in the high temperature environment, their heat of combustion adds to the aftermath of the explosion. The remainder of the event is expanding plasma with destruction at its edge, cooling until it becomes only incendiary, expanding further until it cools to become only a mechanical shock wave, and finally, at a long distance from the detonation, an audible Boom.

Imagine you are the oxygen atom of a water molecule in the air a few meters from the location of an exploding fission bomb. You live in a quiet neighborhood, have lots of friends and a solid place in your community. This molecule is casually reading an overdue library book about surfing when a noise erupts from over there somewhere. A wave of energy travels through the molecule, crushing the book (many suspect that librarians secretly use invisible atomic bombs to make us lose books, so they can fuss over us and be annoyed when we must pay for them), and the wave generally disturbs the zen.

A neutron blasts by, nearly spilling your glass of milk, and you look over your shoulder to find an expanding ball of blinding fire, coming right at you. When it arrives, your hydrogen atoms absorb some of the energy and begin to shake and dance in a way they have not since the water molecule was created. Then, you, the heavier oxygen atom starts to vibrate too, but this vibration is like nothing you can remember. It makes you shake differently than the normal neighborhood hum on its worst day, and it jostles the water atom until the hydrogen atoms separate from you, absorbing some of the readily available local energy to make both their and your electrons stop screaming. Molecules that were closer to the blast have already broken down to atoms that are traveling outward.

Your three atoms are mechanically shoved outward as well, joining other atoms in a superheated bath of vibration, and all the atoms around you become excited to the point where they are constantly bonding with other atoms and expressing energy into the bath. These bonds are continually and immediately shredded, absorbing the same amount of energy they just expressed. You are aware that some of these bonds are with the most undesirable atoms you ever met, and you are certain that under normal circumstances they wouldn’t give you the time of day. In this crammed, noisy, roasting space, these relationships could not be avoided, and atoms have touched you in very rude manners, then, departed without even the time for apologies.

This continues for a staggeringly long period, and as it nears its end, the rate of chemical bond creation and destruction between you and the local, friendly atoms become separated by moments that grow longer as you are propelled through space in the expanding sphere. The level of vibration and noise is constantly diminishing, until you finally get to a point when the recombination of atoms has stopped, and you are bonded to a new, different pair of hydrogen atoms; you know this because they have matching tattoos that say, “Born to Blast” and each has two spare neutrons that press warmly into your sides. You are not in Kansas anymore… One Tritium atom smiles and hands you a pair of dark sunglasses.

The lotus plant is a beautiful gift that graces the waters of many ponds and rivers in the world. Other than its beauty, a noticeable feature is that daily, the blossom opens and closes. In the morning, the flower’s numerous petals spread back to display its heart. Every evening the blossom closes.

Its beauty and its wealth of distribution have allowed it to become a symbol for many social entities and causes, and it is the physical metaphor for many concepts. The most striking to me of the metaphors is that, in Chinese culture, those addicted to opium and heroin are referred to as the ‘lotus eaters’ – a label not meant to be a very nice. Opium/heroin slows or stops the functioning of the human, until after enough time, the human only does the things which will provide the opium, and does nothing else. The drug artificially creates a long-term psychological state that permits the addict to clearly see this condition in himself/herself, yet forces acceptance and satisfaction with the situation.

To match the lotus metaphor to the life of the opium/heroin addict, after a long duration of use, the ‘lotus eater’ wakes up every morning and watches the same lotus flower open to meet the day. The addict takes a petal off the flower and eats it, which is the only spiritual nutrition required for the day, then does nothing else until the flower closes at nightfall. The following morning, the same blossom opens once again for the addict. The flower is the addict’s own, personal blossom, is found in the same place every morning when the addict awakens, and the flower is found in the subconscious mind without effort. The opium blossom willingly gives up a petal to the addict every day, and the illusion is that since there are so very many petals in every lotus flower, there will always be another petal for the addict to eat. The addict is completely satisfied with the nutrition of the single petal, is required by the chemicals in the drug to make its use the only priority, while maintaining the delusion that this condition is valid, and can continue forever.

In my life, I have met only one person I knew to be a heroin addict, yet the ‘lotus eaters’ metaphor can be extended to other aspects of life for all of us. How much of your life is dedicated to arriving at work to see its blossom open for you. The same job every day, easy to find, and they usually pay you to be there. Most of us wake up in about the same conditions every morning and make a fuss over the weather to add diversity to our day. We go to bed in about the same conditions in which we woke up this morning. This type of ‘eating’ may be good for you and your goals, but the point I make is, “What are you doing now to accomplish goals outside the lotus blossom?” What parts of your world have you ignored and neglected because you didn’t have the space within the hectic flower of every day life?

There are persons in this world who are spending time today in the planning and execution of murder and terrorism. There are persons who will decide to pollute, to deceive, burn, destroy, and others will decide to otherwise injure the world. These persons will wake up today and decide to do evil against the world or a selected group of its people.

At the far end of this thought are the extremists. In the Significant Moment Year 2005, young persons are stolen from society and pressed to service in hidden camps. There they learn how to create, carry, and detonate bombs they tie to themselves. The camps are organized to indoctrinate these suicide bombers with a sub-human viewpoint disguised as religion or social imperative. They are ‘conditioned’ to accept the viewpoint as the only way to ultimate salvation, while we all know that God/Allah/Vishnu scoffs at them when they arrive. This is the lotus blossom of the suicide bomber. These camps are run by persons who know these suicide bombers will be forever cursed by God/Allah/Vishnu, and it is not important. The political goals of the organizers can be hidden within a twisted interpretation of religion or social dogma. This is the lotus blossom of the suicide bomber networks. Societal and government leaders can look upon the suicide bombers and justify their presence because the targeted victims are not supporters of the group or government. Though these leaders know it is wrong and a sin, they permit themselves to become sub-human in order to become more powerful on Earth. This is the lotus blossom of the leader who hides the camps. If these persons were to be able to set aside their earthly ambitions and begin to understand God/Allah/Vishnu, the suicide bombings in our world would virtually all stop at once.

Fortunately, this extreme of thought is only that – the earthly curse of a few, broken creatures. For most of us, the lotus petals we eat are not so damnable, and are thus easier for us to look at in ourselves.

Thinking outside the flower may be a path leading you toward God.

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