The Advent of Cells – Chapter Three

Chapter Three

Table of Contents    Chapter Two    Chapter Four  (hyperlinks to be added)

A researcher’s model will have stated size and other characteristics important to his study. Portions of the description would include chemical and similar environmental contributors to the sample. From the survey of all cells within the time span since the recession of the seas there is a strong probability that no matter what volume, shape or other structural description is required by the model, there existed a real cell whose makeup falls within the survey parameters.

If a typical earthen (clay) cell of this time were to be modeled, it would show some desirable physical traits for the appearance of life where there was none. All cells had a bottom and walls. The set of cells that I favor for the earliest activities had permafrost within a meter of the liquid. This sets the temperature of the survey within a specific range for all moments, with the high temperature curve as a stable, somewhat narrow band for all seasons. It is inferred that though the temperature may drop many degrees below freezing, any period below the freezing point of water is essentially non-time, with all the biochemical activity at a stationary level; with the exception of the physical forces of the ice, the depth of freeze is not a significant biological factor.

The bottom of these cells formed from the crushed remains of the cyclic wall activity, and the liquid became saturated with their material long ago. Each example’s bottom was a result of the parameters specific to that microcosm of era, location and duration.

The cell walls continuously succumb to the forces of frozen, then thawing water. In their entirety, the cell wall set for the Flat will not have appeared to have changed in centuries, but on a microscopic level the walls are modified with each change of state.

During the life of the Flat, time can be measured in a number of ways, depending on the accent of the discussion. For the purposes of the Lattice, only sequence is a requirement, not duration. Any span of time thousands of centuries to a millisecond is acceptable for all moments. As the spans are shortened, days and the cycles they bring diminish in number, losing statistical significance geometrically.

I think of each day as a cycle of the Flat. There are days for each of four seasons. The days of summer are those defined when the temperature and solar activity are sufficient to maintain the water as a liquid within cells during the entire daily cycle. Conversely, any days when no thaw occurs are called winter days.

A survey could continue to exist for many years without ever having the opportunity to thaw (a non-winter day), which complicates the statistical analysis of the Lattice.

Not a lot can be said for the winter days as they are involved with a form of hibernation and not much manipulation occurs. Surface water, wind and sun are the most active forces any time in the Lattice, but in this cycle, their effect is most eccentric. Consider the sun’s effect on a chemical chain locked in the cell’s solidified liquid. As a phenomenon viewed strictly by the physics of solutions and crystalline distribution within the ice, a given chemical chain might be positioned to receive the benefits of a refractive filtering and focusing of sunlight through nearby crystalline structures, and either be destroyed or bonded to an adjacent chemical chain. The result could either be good or bad for the Lattice. It can be demonstrated that some of the more simple chemicals (especially nucleic acids) can be synthesized in very small quantities in these conditions. Virtually all material created in this cell will remain within the Flat for much of its continuation, so even minute qualities may be significant.

I don’t suggest that the events of refraction of random ice shards within an earthen cell were the bulwark of life formation, but it is quite possible that this small contribution could have yielded a class of chemicals that may have not been created in other means at the time. Considering the pressures available within a body of ice, these chemicals could be a significant conditional addition to the range of the Lattice parameters.

During the winter days, the wind still had opportunity to alter the physical and chemical make-up of the survey of cells by adding dust, moisture or thermal change to the cell. In micro sense, turbulence occurs in all air masses for any survey and the inference is that it was a constant force of change for the Flat.

If the Flat were to be frozen into winter days for many years, it is also possible that the yearly thaws could flow onto the flat each spring without raising the temperature enough for cell content to be released from the permafrost. The dilution of new material occurs over a larger area of the Flat, and any change provided in this manner will be instituted only at advent of the first non-winter day. This brings, takes and mixes material for the cells of the Flat, not nearly so much as when the waters reached the cells on a summer day.

There will be those days which might be termed “spring” days when, as summer unfolds, external temperature and sun thaw the water’s surface, but not through to the floor; there are also “autumn” days at summer’s close where the surface is glazed in ice but the cell’s depths are still liquid. With the morning thaw of the spring day, (or if the night were too warm to freeze), the cells become solar cells, for scientists have recently demonstrated the effect of electrical potential in such cells.

It is ever so slight, but if there is a sufficient presence of ionic chemicals (salts) then photovoltaic differential occurs. It means that for every cell within the Flat, there occurs not one but two changes of state defined only by the cell’s presence in the survey during a spring, summer or autumn day – one in both morning and evening. Later as the chemical content becomes more dynamic, this change of state will become much more important, but the basis of the Lattice stipulates only that it occurred from the first opportunity within the set of samples for all significant moments for the continuation of the Lattice.

To me these days of spring and fall are the more interesting. Theoretically each cell will undergo four changes of state each day. In early spring, sunlight hits the cell and warms it until surface ice melts. All the windblown material that until then was locked in the thin ice layer on the top is released into the liquid, changing its chemical and ionic states. Solar heating begins to melt the depths of ice from the preceding winter, constantly adjusting the chemistry of the surface solution. Later in the spring season, cool night temperature freeze only the surface, so the encapsulated body of liquid responds more rapidly to the morning sun, charging the liquid before the surface ice melts, releasing the embedded contents. Sunlight then continues to melt more of the bottom.

The descent of sun eliminates the electrostatic force and the temperature drop of nightfall returns the cell to the beginning of the cycle adding two more changes of state.

In autumn the morning sun establishes an electrostatic potential within the liquid of the cell, then thaws surface ice with its associated change of state. Evening brings the reversal of the morning events in either order, dependent on environmental temperature versus sundown.

Through these changes appear small, their significance can be measured over what statistically could be hundreds of centuries; a half million summer days with a stability related to the sun’s rising and setting. The products are preserved by winter and permafrost in the pristine manner they are formed, with little external force available to transport them off the Flat.

The most interesting of the properties of ice in the cell is its influence in micro sense. Any cracking which develops on the wall’s surface is exploited by cyclic freezing, and each crack will spread until weight of the wall causes collapse from above as it melts.

For any site within the Flat, cellular wall thickness were locally fairly uniform, so the freezing effect on one side of any intercellular wall could be presumed to be occurring on the opposing side and at about the same rate. The result is that as penetrant ice cracks became more stable and successful, they had the opportunity to come close to contact with very similar cracks of the opposing cell. The condition for this proximity is described as the presence of two bodies of liquid and that each maintains an ice-formed crack in the adjoining cell wall, and that the crack has come close to forming its half of the liquid bridge between them.

Once that bridge is established, the transfer of materials through the cracks by osmosis will alter both the cells. Please note though, that for all moments when the sun is shining on one or both of the cells within the survey, each one maintains a separate photovoltaic potential, even if based only on geometrical differences: once the liquids meet, current will flow within the pathway for all hours of the summer day. Since by definition they are to be within the wall material, these cracks are not illuminated, thus separating the two solar-driven cells and their relative potential by a specific distance while also satisfying a condition of a connection between them of liquid with stable electrolytic medium properties.

Before the two cracks meet, there is a period in which they are still separated by a thin volume of cellular wall and ice, which when compared to either liquid is electrically inert. In today’s terminology this condition is called a semi-conductor junction.

For a survey of two adjacent cells, as the volume of wall material separating the cells shall diminish to a thin sheet, the differential of photovoltaic potential between the cells attempts to arc the wall material until the wall becomes thin enough and the charge strong enough. At that time, a charge of current burns its way through the wall material and opens the pathway between the cells. The next local collapse of wall occludes it, and later the process begins again on a separate crack geometry that is by definition, different.

I propose that this arc across the wall material does the work suggested by demonstrations of laboratory lightning in a dramatically more stable and consistent environment. There is an advantage over air-borne lightning in the area of acoustics. A crack of volume that is the two adjacent cracks there resides a volume whose shape maintains a harmonic sympathy with virtually any frequency that is generated when the membrane finally is arc-breached. Thus any molecular chain within that volume would receive a tuned bombardment of the frequency at the time of arc-across, optimizing any photovoltaic potential (current) present. If the frequency were complimentary and correct to provide the needed energy to bond two adjacent chemical chains to form one, then it contributed a more complex molecule to the Lattice.

Add to that, the phenomenon of frequency shift during the arc-through moment. Frequency goes up as the arc pushes through more of the membrane, shortening the distance of arc. The result is the opportunity to access virtually every portion of the volume of the crack with an array of frequencies. A significant number of specific chemical bond-supportive frequencies could occur, driven by this process.

This arc-through phenomenon as described is weak, but focused. It can be demonstrated that any event’s resultant frequency will be supported by one or more sections of the volume of either cell’s crack; if not, the primary frequency, then one of its lower harmonics. If the harmonic is desired by a local chemical system, then the event supports the Lattice.

For charge differential values comparing two adjacent cells of one square meter each, the potential to move charges may be capable of arcing only a few dozen molecules’ span, yet fractal mathematics demonstrate the presence of a waveguide for the set of significant moments for a wide band of desirable frequencies in this condition.

I suggest that the transfer of current described is capable of manipulating molecular structure that happens to be in the right place at the right time to receive the benefits of the arc-across. The arc must travel across the wall’s semi-conductor, and each event includes a small portion of the wall in the electrical activity. For instance, a carbon chain lodged in the wall membrane may participate in the transfer of energy and be affected by it. If a sufficient set of electrically active molecules are present in that membrane at the time of arc-across, these molecules would tend to moderate the flow of electrons, prolonging the duration of the arcing, as well as stabilizing current flow and frequency.

These molecules are also subject to the opportunity to be changed by the current. In all aspects of the phenomenon of arc-across, there is extreme correlation with modern semiconductor theory. To further the overall viewpoint, move ahead to a more sophisticated era of the Flat, where, on a non-winter day, there are a significant number of cells whose walls are being breached during random moments, by current aided by the melting of the previous night’s ice or on warmer days, the thermal dissolution of molecular plugs of simple molecules. Fluid and material are flowing between cells and chemicals present in one cell may migrate through the pathways and appear in cells a significant distance away. Since every cell’s physical relation to the sunlight is by definition at least slightly different from its neighbor, no matter how uniform the liquid content of adjacent cells becomes, a constant electrostatic potential will be present in the crack/bridges for all summer daytime hours.

More sophisticated, cell-manufactured molecules are now present in increased number, variety and ability to utilize the random frequencies generated within the cracks. The materials within the semi-conductor junction event will directly affect the net frequency emission which moderates activity of the same material type in the crack.

Osmotic forces have the ability to move liquid, which to some extent can manipulate the walls of the cracks, smoothing them through friction. Microturbulance has the capability to lodge the large molecules in these walls as they pass through. A significant number of the molecules are fatty acids which at the temperatures present will tend to occlude these ice cracks and bind the other materials present. Thus, as a crack occludes, transfer of material stops until another pathway is opened by the night’s freezing.

Please note that at the time of occlusion, the condition of similarity of solutions for the two newly separated cells is very great, which means that electrostatic harmonics will be the same. Until the next breach occurs, this occlusion becomes another form of semi-conductor. In fact, most of the larger capacitors used in today’s electronics are built using very similar molecules between two plates.

Any current traveling through the occlusion must travel along these molecules as they are physically pressed together by osmotic dynamics, electrostatics, each night’s freezing and weight. Occlusions can remain intact as structures of molecular pathways for a significant length of time and actually solidify into a more concentrated collection of uniform molecules under current, though as the dielectric value for these molecules is significantly higher than a simple ionic solution, much higher voltages are then required to move significant current through the material

There can be described a condition where the temperature in small regions of the crack is sufficiently warm enough to melt the fatty acids present, but not the suspended wall material and other components. The remaining material settles out, leaving a cavity of relatively pure molecules. This presents the two cells with a semi-conductor pathway that is large enough to handle current flow over the range described once the threshold voltage is achieved, without any significant change in semi-conductor characteristics.

The two cells, with their stated electro-voltaic differential on summer days coupled by a volume of stable, uniform semi-conductor material, create an elegant capacitor capable of storing charge and maintaining that charge for the entire solar day.

If the day warms enough to begin dissolution of the molecular plug at the point of arc-across, the full potential of the cellular capacitor will transfer through the remaining plug material. Further, since it is a semi-conductor, the flow of electrons will not be instantaneous, but have a specific period and rate. Since the plug has acoustic qualities in relation to the direction of flow, a significant amount of the electron flow will manifest frequency. It will also manifest a specific pathway through the plug of fatty molecules; that path defined by the acoustics.

Thus the current is transferred along a small path, concentrating its force on the molecules within that path and has a duration which can heat these molecules enough to permit the weak, but steady, electron flow to perform work on the molecules present. When the day’s warmth and the electrical activity continue to dissolve the plug, the affected molecules are liberated and rejoin the cell’s liquid mass.

Those of you who are acquainted with electronics know about cascading capacitors. In a large array of discrete capacitors which are interconnected, the firing of one small capacitor in the array can upset the stability of the remaining, larger ones. In the situation described above, the Flat can be described as an array of capacitors which may be one hundred square kilometers containing a significant percentage of cells which manifest some form of capacitance and connected by a network of ionic solution. The previously stated mean candidate cell size is less than a meter squared and a significant set of these cells are interconnected into networks of ice crack-formed pathways.

In an array so large, the opportunity for separate sources of material and the associated differential in content between the cells on one side of the Flat to the other makes for a stated solar-voltaic differential. Though the difference between a given cell and its neighbor are very slight, it may be very different to one a kilometer away, and if the differential could be expressed at noon on a summer day, a very high voltage discharge would occur. I assert that as the Flat grew more sophisticated, the network of capacitors utilized the overall differential and the small, adjacent cells charges to maintain a continuous, controlled electronic mechanism which had frequencies blended by capacitors and semi-conductors and constant power for all summer days.

I can further envision a situation where within the Flat, two networks functioning adjacently finally come within one cell of union. In this environment, during a summer day, the electrostatic forces projected upon that single remaining membrane of semi-conductor were potentially more effective than the lightning model in presenting electrostatic potential to the subject molecules. When that arc-across transpired, I assert that it was of significant current, voltage and duration to create any molecule (if the correct raw materials were present) the researcher chooses to assert as the requirement for the Lattice at that time. I also assert that the occurrence of this class of arc-across could be repeated many times for every summer day within this era; in some cases I imagine the collapse of a crack-bridge under the thermal stress presented by the high-energy occurrence, causing electrostatic potential to build until it is capable of breaching another pathway between the two networks.

Recently it has been asserted that the natural electrical potentials of the globe itself are not uniform in charge from area to area, and further, that these charge differentials flow between regions in pattern mosaics which shift in time. For moments when shifts in the electromagnetic balances occur beneath a cell or colony, the cell or colony will attempt to follow them, resulting in the opportunity for the phenomenon’s contribution to the net charge differential of the cells. When the factors of available voltage, the efficiency of the application of current to the molecules, the model’s ability to conserve the product of the phenomenon and the variety of molecules available to be modified are all considered, my assertion is that this model of the application of electricity to advance organic development is far superior to those theories involving lightning as a motive force.

A modern illustration of the potential power of these electrical forces is found in construction; for underground metal which travels any distance, low-resistance electrical cabling is wound around the pipe or beam to transfer the natural ground current along the metal’s length. This current is responsible for etching through one-inch thick steel pipe walls. An example of freeze cracking is that tree roots and dandelion roots penetrate solid rock using this technique of crack penetration.

And then there are the mitochondria. I suggest that the connection of ice paths throughout he cell walls was important enough to create what is now a cellular artifact which physically describes the phenomenon and at one time was so important that it has yet to diminish. A smaller, simpler form of mitochondrial structure would wedge within a larger aperture and continue to support the effectiveness of the electrostatic synthesis of chemicals by narrowing the cracks, making them easier to cross with the limited voltage and amplitude available as well as utilizing higher frequency harmonics, capturing molecules to be manipulated and presenting them to the current in a more constricted pathway. I suggest that mitochondria are a descendent of this era and actively supported the electrostatic activity. The image of the mitochondria in my copy of BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE has a similarity to fields of metal geometry found in modern microwave circuit boards which are connected (portions of each field are wire-bonded to other spots within the field) for circuit-tuning to a frequency.

I feel the mitochondria are a pattern of developed inert material that resides in the cell as a result of the desired ability to respond to this phenomenon. Any time a mitochondria’s ancestor would become wedged in an ice crack, it would facilitate the crack’s opportunity to optimize the usage of any voltage flowing through it. It developed from cells on the Flat which specialized in this activity as part of the electrostatic network. That mechanism is the purpose for the original mitochondria and continues today in similar but more specific form.

Another facet of the ice crack filled with fatty acids involves the semi-conductor flow of electrons. Since the flow is acoustic, the tendency is for the path through a plug to be maintained in a particular geometry. For the frequencies in the higher range, traveling the outer surface boundary between the plug and the inert cell wall is the standard model. But lower frequencies with sufficient force to transverse the plug will travel towards the center of the pathway, much like the video cable on the back of a television set, using the frequencies traveling along the walls and the crack’s volume geometry to acoustically direct its course.

If the arc-across is of sufficient strength to change the molecules along its path through the plug, then since the plug tends to standardize frequency and if the molecules of the plug are of uniform content, the result is a core of molecules within the plug that will have the opportunity to be changed by the flowing electricity and become different from their surrounding molecules. Yet, since they came from uniform molecular content along the electron path and are affected by the same electron flow, they will tend to develop into a material of uniform molecular content. This phenomenon may establish a more efficient path upon which the electrons may move, and also establish the dormant surrounding plug and passageway as an acoustic wave-guide related to the frequencies inherent in the relationship.

If you imagine the presence of these waveguides between the candidate cells of the Flat and their ability to optimize any flow of current, then the dynamics of the electrical system are quite impressive, with the inter-relation of frequencies, the random “firing” of potentials from cell to cell, cascading of charges between colonies and the potential manipulation of individual organic molecules that happen to be at the right place at the right time. For all summer days after a certain point in time in the set of all moments since the recession of the seas, this function was in action.

Those of you in the right fields of study may notice the similarities between these pathways and the central nervous system of many higher animals. Especially noted is the concept of a pathway which has more than one component. When the neuron of a human is damaged, if its covering remains intact, the nerve cell has a good chance of regeneration. But, if the myelin sheath is damaged, then the odds of recovery are diminished. In the model a coating of similar but relatively resistant material surrounds the active element of electrical transfer, and if the coating is interrupted, it exposes the pathway to the walls and breaks down the support for specific frequency ranges in the circuit. Here, just as in higher neural circuits, desired frequencies and potentials are accentuated over other, and blending of frequencies is controlled within the included range are enhanced.

Between some cell pairs, more than one ice crack results in the selective transmission of multiple, discrete frequencies and the ability to better relate electrically to the remainder of the colony: if the first plug is not tailored to match the frequencies presented to the cell pair by the colony, then it will not be used and occlude to the point of non-effectiveness, which allows any subsequent ice crack to receive the full benefits of the low-level electrostatic potential available as it comes to that threshold.

As material coats the ends of an active pathway, the transmission of energy is impaired, but if the coating is a slow enough rate, then the plug has opportunity to burn through a core as the film develops. It must be noted that the electrostatics of the situation attract material on a molecular level, so virtually all active plugs must continually push through the coating, an aspect I recognize to establish the conditional requirement of neural pathways to regenerate and maintain themselves even prior to any free-standing cell’s incorporation took place. Computer simulation of this formation process will reveal much to affect the model of nervous systems.

High frequency harmonics are generated by all this electronic activity. The standard model of high frequency electrostatics is that they try to travel along surfaces as opposed to traveling in open space. This effect enhances the coating of the cell’s floor and walls with certain types of molecules, pulling them from the liquid to the charges. Since these molecules tend to be ionized or easily charged, they are also more prone to react to any material ejected from the walls. This provides a most simplistic active filter system, in that the ionized molecules coating the wall get first opportunity to react with the walls’ emissions and increases the potential to neutralize the material before it reaches the liquid. This reduces the contribution of the walls to the active cell and at the same time reduces the effects of the more radical of the liquid’s molecules by attaching them to the walls and increasing their opportunity to react with the wall emissions instead of the liquid.

Thus this phenomenon is far more than an active filter for the wall’s effuse, but since these molecules are to usually be larger and more structured, they lend their added strength and density, contributing to the structure and are actively attracted to the walls on all non-winter days.

This feature becomes more evident as the mounding of such matter begins to form a ring above the surface of the cell’s mean liquid level and progresses to envelope the liquid.

The hyperbola of this situation include models where this activity eventually becomes definable as cellular wall and in the candidate cells becomes an active, renewable resource. It develops the capability to partition the cell and the whole world takes-off from there. One model would involve a cell or colony whose cell floor topography is a split levels: one level creating a shallow portion of the liquid while the other half is deeper. Modern pond design uses some appropriate models for this example in that there are zones of depth which result in different activities within any pond.

With its inferred higher level of solar activity, the upper level area may develop more material than the deeper half, and not be able to distribute the most heavy molecules beyond its boundary ledge.

Wind and sun may cause increased deposits to occur at the ledge until they reach the height to become a small lagoon within the cell or colony. More shallow cells may be forming molecules that are active when in the heightened solar and thermal activity, but become dormant as they migrate into the deeper, colder regions off the set of cells. Thus some intermediate depth cells become filled with these molecules and eventually become filters that form around the mouths of liquid vias, straining the material trying to flow between the colonies. From there up to the creation of active membranes is a small step.

Table of Contents    Chapter Two    Chapter Four  (hyperlinks to be added)

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